Tiny Braitenberg Vehicle – The Cutest Movable Vehicle!

Does the Braitenberg Vehicle sounds like a bit Deutsch for you here? Well, For those who didn’t notice, the Braitenberg Vehicle is actually a masterpiece from the Mr. Valentino Braitenberg, a biological cybernetics professor from Germany! He is the person who brought out the idea, Braitenberg Vehicles to the public. According to Mr. Braitenberg, the vehicle represents the simplest form of behavior based artificial intelligence or embodied cognition. Technically, a Braitenberg vehicls is an automaton, which is freely moved around without any control buttons with it. It has a series of primitive light sensors and wheels that function as actuators or effectors. In most of the case, a sensor is directly connected to an effector. Hence, a sensed signal will be immediately produces a movement of the wheel. Honestly, the vehicle performs different goal-oriented behaviors, which is mainly depending on how sensors and wheels are connected to the Braitenberg vehicle.…

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The Proper Ways to Prepare The Eagle Designs For Manufacture

You have to prepare many multi-platform eagle designs for manufacture, but you have no ideas what to do about it? Well, there are many ways to turn an eagle design into an actual PCB. One of the best ways is to save the eagle designs as industry-standard gerber files, where you can use the gerbers files to order a single prototype or in a full panel. For your information, the toner transfer is the favorite choice of beginners to make a PCB, as the total investment in materials is minimal comparing with other methods. Most of the PCBs are made with the photo-resist process, since the photo process makes nice boards, but it requires a bit of equipments. While some of the board manufactures, such as the olimex, can be used to make PCBs directly from eagle .brd files. Olimex requires a minimum order of one eurocard-sized PCB (100mmx160mm). Here’s…

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The Easy Ways to Design a Better PCB!

Are you always looking for a better printed circuit board (PCB), but you’re failed to do it in most of time? Well, don’t waste your time anymore for the searching; instead, you can use the precious time to design a better PCB here! Before that, most of you have learned that PCB fab houses, such as advanced circuits, Batch PCB, PCB123 and other are quite hard job to do with. Hence, it’s not an easy task, as there are many ways for a fab house to mess it up! Moreover, fab houses tend to spend less time on prototypes than on production runs. To overcome the matter, you should try to design PCBs for manufacturability. The main goal of this project is to show you how to minimize the number if ways the fab houses can screw up a PCB! For avoiding yourself from mess up with the PCBs, you…

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Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Technologies

The term circuit technology usually refers to the various techniques that used in the manufacture of electrical circuits. A large number of devices that are used today make use of printed circuit boards (PCBs). These devices provide a mechanical support for the various components present within the given device and also, the electrical connections between the components. The electrical connections present on the PCB are made out of copper sheets that are laminated on a non-conducting material. Initially a large copper sheet is laminated on the board and then the sections that are not required are removed. Various techniques are used for removal of unwanted copper. Some of them are: Silk Screen Printing: In this technique, an etching resistant ink is applied on those areas that are required and the remaining part is etched off. Photoengraving: Here a photo mask of the circuit required is prepared using desired software and…

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